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WHAT Kreon AND WHAT IT IS USED
Kreon contains a mixture of enzymes called "pancreatin".
Pancreatin helps to digest food. Enzymes are pancreatic glands of pigs.
Kreon contains small pellet which slowly release the pancreatin in the intestine (enteric-coated pellets, called microspheres).
What applies Kreon?
Kreon is used in children and adults with "pancreatic exocrine insufficiency." This is a condition in which the body does not produce enough enzymes to break down food. It is often found in people who have:
Cystic fibrosis - a rare inherited disease;
Plugged ducts of the pancreas or bile (pancreatic duct or common bile duct);
Acute inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis). You can take Creon when you start again to take food;
Chronic inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis);
Partial or complete surgical removal of the pancreas (partial or total pancreatectomy);
Partial or complete surgical removal of the stomach (partial or total gastrectomy);
Syndrome Shvahman-Dayamond very rare genetic disorder.
How does Kreon?
The enzymes in Creon act as digest food as it passes through the intestines. You should take Kreon during or after a meal. This will allow the enzyme to be mixed.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE Kreon
Do not take Kreon:
If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to the active substance (s) or any of the other ingredients of Kreon.
If you're not sure, ask your doctor!
Take special care with Kreon
In patients with cystic fibrosis high doses Pancreatitis was reported rare condition called "fibrosing colonopathy" in which the intestine narrows. However, if you have cystic fibrosis, taking more than 10,000 lipase units / kg per day and have unusual abdominal symptoms or changes in these symptoms, tell your doctor!
Additional information about pancreatic enzymes
Pancreatic glands, which produce Creon and other pancreatic enzymes from pigs used for food. These animals can carry viruses. In the production of Creon making several steps to reduce the risk of spreading viruses, incl. demolition and testing for specific viruses. The risk of infections caused by these or other unknown or new viruses can not be excluded completely. However, there are no reported cases where the infection has occurred in patients.
Pregnancy and lactation
Please, before you take your medicine, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant! Your doctor will decide whether you can take Creon and at what dose.
Creon may be taken during breastfeeding.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription:
Driving and using machines
Creon is not likely to affect the ability to drive and use machines.
3. HOW TO TAKE Kreon
Always take Kreon just as you have been told by your doctor. If you are unsure ask your doctor or pharmacist.
How much to take
Your dosage is measured in "lipase units". The lipase is one of the enzymes pancreatin. Different dosages Creon contain different amounts of lipase.
Always follow the advice of your doctor what dose to take Creon.
Your doctor will adjust your dose to your needs. It depends on:
How much fat is in your stools.
If you still have oily stools, stomach or other gastrointestinal problems (gastrointestinal symptoms), tell your doctor, as you would your dose should be adjusted.
The usual starting dose for children under 4 years 1,000 lipase units per kilogram of diet.
The usual starting dose for children 4 years and above, adolescents and adults is 500 lipase units per kilogram of diet.
Other problems with the pancreas
The usual dose of a meal is between 25 000 to 80 000 lipase units.
The usual dose Eating between meals is half the dose of main meal.
When to take Kreon
Always take Kreon during or after a meal or snack. This will allow the enzymes to be thoroughly mixed with the feed, to deal with it and it passes through the gut.
How to take Kreon
Swallow the capsules whole.
Do not crush or chew the capsules.
If you are hard to swallow capsules, open them carefully and add a small amount of pellets to soft acidic food or mix them with acidic liquids. Acidic food can be as apple sauce or yogurt. Eg acidic liquids are apple, orange or pineapple juice.
Swallow the mixture immediately without breaking or chewing and drink some water or juice.
Mixing with non-acidic foods and liquids, breaking or chewing the pellets may cause irritation in your mouth or change Creon in your body.
Do not hold Kreon capsules or their contents in mouth
If you take Kreon more than you need
If you take Kreon more than they should, drink plenty of water and tell your doctor.
Very high doses of pancreatin are sometimes leading to increased uric acid in the urine (hyperuricosuria) and in the blood (hyperuricemia).
If you forget to take Kreon
If you forget to take your dose, take the next at the usual time the next meal. Do not try to make up the missed dose.
If you stop taking Kreon
Do not stop taking Kreon without talking to your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Kreon can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may occur with this medicine:
Very common (affecting more than 1 in 10 patients):
pain in the stomach (abdomen).
Common (affects less than 1 in 10 patients):
These reactions can be caused by conditions that accepted Creon. In studies, the number of patients receiving Creon, which have abdominal pain and diarrhea is similar to or smaller than patients who were not taking Creon.
Uncommon (affects less than 1 in 100 patients):
Not known (frequency can not be estimated from available data):
severe pruritus (itching) and urticaria (hives);
other serious allergic reactions may be caused by Creon, including trouble breathing and swelling of the lips;
Stricture (narrowing) of ileo-cecum and colon (fibrosing colonopathy) have been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis taking high doses of pancreatin.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or you notice other effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist!
5. HOW TO STORE Kreon
Do not store above 30 ° C.
After opening store above 25 ° C, and use within 6 months.
Keep the bottle tightly closed in order to protect from moisture.
Keep out of reach of children.
Do not use Creon after the expiry date stated on the carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Medicines should not be disposed of in wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
Each capsule Kreon 10,000 Ph.Eur.U contains 150 mg of pancreatitis (pancreatic dust) corresponding to:
amylase 8000 Ph. Eur. units;
10,000 lipase Ph. Eur. units;
600 protease Ph. Eur. Units.
The other ingredients are:
iron oxide (E172);
titanium dioxide (E171);
sodium lauryl sulfate.
Kreon looks like and contents of the pack
Kreon 10,000 Ph.Eur.U two-colored hard gelatin capsule with brown opaque cap and transparent body.
Creon gastro-resistant capsules 10 000 Ph.Eur.U 20, 50 and 100 count bottles of high density polyethylene (HDPE) with snap Roll polypropylene (PP) cap.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
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